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Chapter 108: Jabali’s Reasoning
A Brahmana named Jabali tries to persuade Rama to accept the kingdom by advocating the theory of Nastikas (non-believers), saying that he need not get attached to his father's words and remain in the troublesome forest. Jabali requests Rama to enjoy the royal luxuries, by accepting the crown.
Chapter [Sarga] 108 in Detail
aashvaasayantam bharatam jaabaalir braahmana uttamah |
uvaaca raamam dharmajnam dharma apetam idam vacah || 2-108-1
A Brahmana called Jabali spoke the following unrighteous words to Rama, who knew righteousness and who was assuaging Bharata as aforesaid
saadhu raaghava maa bhuut te buddhir evam nirarthakaa |
praakritasya narasya iva aarya buddheh tapasvinah || 2-108-2
"Enough, O Rama! Let not your wisdom be rendered void like a common man, you who are distinguished for your intelligence and virtue."
kah kasya purusho bandhuh kim aapyam kasya kenacit |
yad eko jaayate jantur eka eva vinashyati || 2-108-3
"Who is related to whom? What is there to be obtained by anything and by whom? Every creature is born alone and dies alone."
tasmaan maataa pitaa ca iti raama sajjeta yo narah |
unmatta iva sa jneyo na asti kaacidd hi kasyacit || 2-108-4
"O, Rama! He who clings to another, saying, 'This is my father, this is my mother, he should be known as one who has lost his wits. There is none who belongs to another."
yathaa graama antaram gagccan narah kashcid kvacid vaset |
utsrijya ca tam aavaasam pratishtheta apare ahani || 2-108-5
evam eva manushyaanaam pitaa maataa griham vasu |
aavaasa maatram kaakutstha sajjante na atra sajjanaah || 2-108-6
"O, Rama! As one who passes the a strange village spends the night the and the next day leaves that place and continues his journey, so are mother, father, home and possessions to a man; they are but a resting place. The wise do not become attached to them".
pitryam raajyam samutsrijya sa na arhati nara uttama |
aasthaatum kaapatham duhkham vishamam bahu kantakam || 2-108-7
"O, chief of men! You as such should not abandon your father's kingdom in order to dwell in a lonely forest that is excruciating hard to traverse and full of thorny thickets."
samriddhaayaam ayodhyaayaam aatmaanam abhishecaya |
eka venii dharaa hi tvaam nagarii sampratiikshate || 2-108-8
"Get yourself crowned in the prosperous kingdom of Ayodhya. That city is waiting for you, with your locks duly unfound."
raaja bhogaan anubhavan mahaa arhaan paarthiva aatmaja |
vihara tvam ayodhyaayaam yathaa shakrah trivishtape || 2-108-9
"O, prince! Enjoy the royal luxuries worthy of you. Move around in Ayodhya as Indra the Lord of celestials does in heaven!"
na te kashcid dasharatahh tvam ca tasya na kashcana |
anyo raajaa tvam anyah ca tasmaat kuru yad ucyate || 2-108-10
"Dasaratha is none to you nor you in anyway to him. That king is another and your are another. Hence, do what is told by me?"
biijamaatram pitaa jantoh shuklam rudhirameva cha |
samyuktamritumanmaatraa purusasyeha janma tat || 2-108-11
"The father is only the seed of a being. The sperm and the ovum blend at the right time in the mother's womb, so that a human being is born in this world."
gatah sa nripatih tatra gantavyam yatra tena vai |
pravrittir eshaa martyaanaam tvam tu mithyaa vihanyase || 2-108-12
"The king has gone, where he had to go. This is the fate of all being unnecessarily; you are still frustrated over the matter."
artha dharma paraa ye ye taamh taan shocaami na itaraan |
te hi duhkham iha praapya vinaasham pretya bhejire || 2-108-13
"I pity all those whosoever, devoted to wealth and religious merit, not other (who are devoted to sense-enjoyment), for, they, having undergone suffering in this life, have met with extermination after death."
ashtakaa pitri daivatyam ity ayam prasrito janah |
annasya upadravam pashya mrito hi kim ashishyati || 2-108-14
"These people say, 'The eighth day should be given up to sacrifices for the spirits of our ancestors.' See the waste of food. What will a dead man eat?"
yadi bhuktam iha anyena deham anyasya gagccati |
dadyaat pravasatah shraaddham na tat pathy ashanam bhavet || 2-108-15
"If food eaten by one here, reaches another's body, then let a sacrifice be offered for those who are setting out on a distant journey. Will it not become a food on their path?"
daana samvananaa hy ete granthaa medhaavibhih kritaah |
yajasva dehi diikshasva tapah tapyasva samtyaja || 2-108-16
"Perform sacrifices, distribute gifts, consecrate yourselves, practice austerity and renunciation' - These writings are composed by learned men for the sake of inducing others to give."
sa na asti param ity eva kuru buddhim mahaa mate |
pratyaksham yat tad aatishtha paroksham prishthatah kuru || 2-108-17
"O, the highly wise! Arrive at a conclusion, therefore, that there is nothing beyond this Universe. Give precedence to that which meets the eye and turn your back on what is beyond our knowledge."
sataam buddhim purah kritya sarva loka nidarshiniim |
raajyam tvam pratigrihniishva bharatena prasaaditah || 2-108-18
"Honor the judgment of the wise and regarding that which is approved by all, accept the kingdom as propitiated by Bharata."
ityaarse shriimadraamaayane aadikaavye ayodhyaakaande astottarashatatamah sargah
Thus completes 108th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
K. M. K. Murthy. (1999). Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya.
Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.
Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.
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