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Chapter 81: The Royal Bards Eulogize Bharata

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The Royal Bards Eulogize Bharata


When Bharata hear the sound of couches and drums early in the morning, he gets more depressed. He orders for stopping of those sounds and starts lamenting. Then, Vasishta the family-priest enters the assembly-hall and sends messengers, asking them to call Bharata urging him to be present in the court, and in response to his call, Bharata with Shatrughna, the ministers and others enter the assembly.

Chapter [Sarga] 81 in Detail

tatah naandii mukhiim raatrim bharatam suuta maagadhaah |

tustuvur vaag vishesajnaah stavaih mangala samhitaih || 2-81-1

Then, bards and panegyrists, who knew the importance of tidings, eulogized Bharata with auspicious hymns of praise on the night preceding Naandimukha.

suvarna kona abhihatah praanadad yaama dundubhih |

dadhmuh shankhaamh ca shatasho vaadyaamh ca ucca avaca svaraan || 2-81-2

A drum from the sound of which nigh-hours are identified, struck with a golden stick, gave its sound. Couches and loud-sounding instruments in hundreds producing various types of noises were blown.

sa tuurya ghosah sumahaan divam aapuurayann iva |

bharatam shoka samtaptam bhuuyah shokaih arandhrayat || 2-81-3

That mammoth sound of the musical instruments, as if filling up the whole sky, created further distress and grief to Bharata who was already tormented with grief.

tatah prabuddho bharatah tam ghosam samnivartya ca |

na aham raajaa iti ca api uktvaa shatrughnam idam abraviit || 2-81-4

Then, the awakened Bharata proclaiming that “I am not the king”, caused to stop that sound and spoke the following words to Shatrughna:

pashya shatrughna kaikeyyaa lokasya apakritam mahat |

visrijya mayi duhkhaani raajaa dasharatho gatah || 2-81-5

 “Behold, O, Shatrughna! How much harm was done to the world by Kaikeyi! The king Dasaratha left us, leaving all sorrows to me.”

tasya esaa dharma raajasya dharma muulaa mahaatmanah |

paribhramati raaja shriir naur iva akarnikaa jale || 2-81-6

 “This prosperous kingdom of Ayodhya, a foundation of law and religion of that high-souled Dasaratha the righteous king is now like boat without a rudder moving hitter and thither in water.

yo hi nah sumahaannaathah so.api pravraajito vanam |

anayaa dharmamutsrijya maatraa me raaghavah svayam || 2-81-7

 “Even that Rama, who was a great protector has been sent to the forest by this very mother of mine, abandoning her righteousness."

iti evam bharatam preksya vilapantam vicetanam |

kripanam ruruduh sarvaah sasvaram yositah tadaa || 2-81-8

Seeing Bharata who lost his consciousness by lamenting in that way, all the women then miserably cried in one voice.

tathaa tasmin vilapati vasistho raaja dharmavit |

sabhaam iksvaaku naathasya pravivesha mahaa yashaah || 2-81-9

While Bharata was lamenting thus, the great illustrious Vasishta who knew the rules relating to kings, entered the assembly-hall of Dasaratha the Lord of Ikshvaku dynasty.

shaata kumbhamayiim ramyaam mani ratna samaakulaam |

sudharmaam iva dharma aatmaa saganah pratyapadyata || 2-81-10

The pious minded Vasishta along with his attendants entered that lovely assembly-hall, made of gold and studded with gems and jewels, resembling Sudharma the celestial assembly-hall.

sa kaancanamayam piitham para ardhya aastarana aavritam |

adhyaasta sarva vedajno duutaan anushashaasa ca || 2-81-11

Vasista, who knew all the scriptures, then sat in a presidential chair made of gold and wrapped with a comfortable cushion. He ordered the messengers as follows:

braahmanaan ksatriyaan yodhaan amaatyaan gana ballabhaan |

ksipram aanayata avyagraah krityam aatyayikam hi nah || 2-81-12

 “Quickly bring Brahmanas (a class of people having divine knowledge), Kshatriyas (people belonging to warrior-class), Vaisyas (agriculturists and traders), ministers and troop commanders coolly. There is an urgent duty indeed for us to be done.

saraajabhrityam shatrughnam bharatam ca yashsvinam |

yudhaajitam sumantram ca ye ca tatra hitaa janaah || 2-81-13

 “Bring Shatrughna with his royal attendants, the illustrious Bharata, Yudhaajit (Bharata’s maternal uncle) Sumantra the charioteer and those people who are royal well-wishers there.”

tatah halahalaa shabdo mahaan samudapadyata |

rathaih ashvaih gajaih ca api janaanaam upagacchataam || 2-81-14

There was a huge hallooing sound generated while the people invited were coming on chariots, horses and elephants.

tatah bharatam aayaantam shata kratum iva amaraah |

pratyanandan prakritayo yathaa dasharatham tathaa || 2-81-15

People of high position like ministers and other welcomed the approaching Bharata in every way as they had welcomed Dasaratha and as Indra was welcomed by celestials.

hradaiva timi naaga samvritah |

stimita jalo mani shankha sharkarah |

dasharatha suta shobhitaa sabhaa |

sadasharathaa iva babhau yathaa puraa || 2-81-16

That royal assembly, made splendid by Bharata the son of Dasartha, radiated as before as with the presence of Dasaratha, like a lake of tranquil waters sown with pearls shells and sand and filled with great fish and serpents.

ityaarse shriimadraamaayane aadikaavye ayodhyaakaande ekaashiititamah sargah

Thus completes 81st Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate




K. M. K. Murthy. (1999). Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya.


Merriam-Webster. (2007). At (2007). At

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